Jurisdiction over infringement and validity
The EU trade mark courts shall have exclusive jurisdiction:
- (a) for all infringement actions and — if they are permitted under national law — actions in
respect of threatened infringement relating to EU trade marks;
- (b) for actions for declaration of non-infringement, if they are permitted under national law;
- (c) for all actions brought as a result of acts referred to in Article 11(2);
- (d) for counterclaims for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity of the EU trade mark
pursuant to Article 128.