Effects vis-a-vis third parties
- Legal acts referred to in Articles 20, 22 and Articles 25 concerning an EU trade mark shall have
effects vis-a-vis third parties in all the Member States only after entry in the Register.
Nevertheless, such an act, before it is so entered, shall have effect vis-a-vis third parties
who have acquired rights in the trade mark after the date of that act but who knew of the
act at the date on which the rights were acquired.
- Paragraph 1 shall not apply in the case of a person who acquires the EU trade mark or a
right concerning the EU trade mark by way of transfer of the whole of the undertaking or
by any other universal succession.
- The effects vis-a-vis third parties of the legal acts referred to in Articles 23 shall be
governed by the law of the Member State determined in accordance with Articles 19.
- Until such time as common rules for the Member States in the field of bankruptcy enter
into force, the effects vis-a-vis third parties of bankruptcy or similar proceedings shall be
governed by the law of the Member State in which such proceedings are first brought
within the meaning of national law or of conventions applicable in this field.